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Proteins, Sugars, and Fats: A Quick Rule of Thumb

My friend Alexander Girau at advanotech gave me a quick primer on Proteins, Sugars, and Fats. I found this relevant as I began exploring ketosis and veganism last year out of curiosity.

Figured I’d share it here:

Proteins (amimo acids):

8/9 (one is isomeric) essential (for humans) amino acids associated with making proteins.

20/21 common amino acids associated with making proteins.

250 general amino acids that compose other biomolecules.

https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002222.htm

Sugars:

Can be separated in several ways but mainly by chain length (monomer, dimer and poly)and structure (linear, cyclic).

http://www.rsc.org/…/Resources/cfb/carbohydrates.htm

Fats (Lipids):

Dietary fats are triglycerides separated based on hydrogen content (saturation) and isomeric stricture (cis-trans). However, they are generally known as a lipid.

Other lipid-like molecules include: steroids, phospholipids, waxes, fatty alcohols, fatty acids.

http://catalog.flatworldknowledge.com/bookhub/reader/2547?e=gob-ch17_s02

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